Nowadays, Germans - even those who are Catholic or non-Christian -- cannot escape the Lutheran past. It's also the Lutheran present. The most powerful woman in the world, Angela Merkel, is a Lutheran believer, the daughter of a pastor. The new German president Joachim Gauck is a former Lutheran pastor. And that cliché of "the Protestant work ethic" – hardworking German taxpayers, even if they are not actually Protestant, continue to bail out the Euro while being caught in a squeeze as acute as Luther in the sixteenth century. In their hearts, from Angela Merkel to the car worker on the Volkswagen assembly line, the German people are desperate to be good Europeans, just as Luther was desperate to be a good Catholic. But in their heads many Germans suspect there maybe something wrong - something morally wrong as well as economically dangerous -- about giving money to those who, in the German view, have been at best reckless and at worst dishonest.
In Luther's home town of Wittenburg, just along from the church where in 1517 he nailed his famous 95 Theses rebelling against the Pope, members of the church choir practised their hymns and then told me that it was right for Lutherans to help other Europeans, a Christian virtue, but that the "other Europeans" needed to behave responsibly. And they had not behaved responsibly, which was, some said, increasingly irritating.
It was with the choir's comments - and their hymns - still ringing in my ears that I walked over that bridge towards the Chancellor's office just across from the Reichstag. Frau Merkel greeted me warmly - but in typical fashion told me directly that she rarely gave interviews, that her time was very limited, and we had better get on with it. Our businesslike conversation reminded me of all those virtuous adjectives – pure Luther – that I learned in my first German lesson - sparsam, treu, ehrlich, ernst, streng - thrifty, straight, honest, serious, strict – and the more we talked about how, in her view, entire nations, indeed the continent of Europe needed to balance their budgets just as ordinary families have to do every month -- the pastor's daughter from Hamburg sitting in front of me sounded exactly like the grocer's daughter from Grantham - Margaret Thatcher. Their values - and their view of home economics - could almost be interchangeable. I suggested to Frau Merkel that when she talks of "thriftiness" and responsibility (which she does a lot) then many British people will agree with her - which is why so many Britons are sceptical about the euro, and suspect it might fail. Those thrifty Germans are bailing out those who have shown no talent for thrift in the past. This, of course, was an argument Angela Merkel -- the Good European -- cannot really accept. Instead she praised British austerity, and said she wanted a strong Britain to work with Germany. Despite the legacy of the war, the divisions of the euro, and the clichés in British and German tabloid newspapers, I left the Chancellery thinking how much Britain and Germany really have in common.
On the way out I watched the Chancellor of Germany inspect a military guard of honour - soldiers marching with Prussian precision in defence of a young German democracy, a new Germany, really just twenty or so years old. I was struck by Merkel's political genius – quietly spoken, cautious, the Haus Frau balancing the books of her nation. The puzzle now is when her political decision to be a good European collides with her Lutheran conscience not to reward bad behaviour or be reckless with money. I wondered whether for Frau Merkel like Martin Luther another reformation in Europe might be on the cards, not tomorrow perhaps, but one day.